5 results found
IMF   |  
Iran: The Chronicles of the Subsidy Reform.

On December 18, 2010, Iran increased domestic energy and agricultural prices by up to 20 times, making it the first major oil-exporting country to reduce substantially implicit energy subsidies. This paper reviews the economic and technical issues involved in the planning and early implementation of the reform, including the transfers to households and the public relations campaign that were critical to the success of the reform.

Category:  Distribution, Competitiveness & Political Economy

GIZ, IMF, UNEP   |  
Green Fiscal Policy Network

The Green Fiscal Policy Network is a joint partnership between UN Environment (UNEP), the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) launched in 2011. The Network aims to facilitate knowledge sharing and dialogue on green fiscal policy reforms.

Category:  Fiscal Instruments for Climate Policy, Distribution, Competitiveness & Political Economy, Macroeconomics of Climate Change, Climate Change Fiscal Risk Assessments and Management, Climate Finance, Public Financial Management

IMF   |  
Implementing a US Carbon Tax: Challenges and Debates

This book is about the practicalities of introducing a carbon tax in the United States, set against the broader fiscal context. It consists of thirteen chapters, written by leading experts, covering the full range of issues policymakers would need to understand, such as the revenue potential of a carbon tax, how the tax can be administered, the advantages of carbon taxes over other mitigation instruments and the environmental and macroeconomic impacts of the tax. A carbon tax can work in the United States.

Category:  Fiscal Instruments for Climate Policy, Distribution, Competitiveness & Political Economy

IMF   |  
Getting Energy Prices Right

Many energy prices in many countries are wrong. They are set at levels that do not reflect environmental damage, notably global warming, air pollution, and various side effects of motor vehicle use. In so doing, many countries raise too much revenue from direct taxes on work effort and capital accumulation and too little from taxes on energy use. This book is about getting energy prices right.

Category:  Fiscal Instruments for Climate Policy, Distribution, Competitiveness & Political Economy

IMF   |  
Energy Subsidy Reform: Lessons and Implications

Energy subsidies have wide-ranging economic consequences. While aimed at protecting consumers, subsidies aggravate fiscal imbalances, crowd-out priority public spending, and depress private investment, including in the energy sector. Subsidies also distort resource allocation by encouraging excessive energy consumption, artificially promoting capital-intensive industries, reducing incentives for investment in renewable energy, and accelerating the depletion of natural resources.

Category:  Fiscal Instruments for Climate Policy, Distribution, Competitiveness & Political Economy