3 results found
IMF   |  
Macroeconomic and Financial Policies for Climate Change Mitigation: A Review of the Literature

Climate change is one of the greatest challenges of this century. Mitigation requires a large-scale transition to a low-carbon economy. This paper provides an overview of the rapidly growing literature on the role of macroeconomic and financial policy tools in enabling this transition. The literature provides a menu of policy tools for mitigation. A key conclusion is that fiscal tools are first in line and central, but can and may need to be complemented by financial and monetary policy instruments.

Category:  Helsinki Principle 4, Fiscal Instruments for Climate Policy, Macroeconomics of Climate Change, Climate Change Fiscal Risk Assessments and Management

Bank of England   |  
Climate Change and the Macro-economy: A Critical Review.

Climatic factors can directly affect economic outcomes such as output, investment and productivity, and understanding the economic consequences of climate change is rapidly becoming a necessity not just for climate economists but also for a wider range of economic professionals involved in modelling and forecasting macroeconomic variables. The focus of this review is on the key theoretical and empirical modelling issues in the analysis of the macroeconomic risks deriving from climate change.

Category:  Macroeconomics of Climate Change

GIZ, IISD   |  
Fiscal Instruments in INDCs: How countries are looking to fiscal policies to support INDC implementation?

International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) and the German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ) (on behalf of the German Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development) have undertaken a rapid review of INDCs to highlight the countries that are using these tools as part of their INDCs, catalogue the different tools that countries are referencing in their INDCs, identify the frequency of their use and identify trends in how countries are planning to use fiscal instruments to support achievement of INDCs.

Category:  Macroeconomics of Climate Change