14 results found
IDB   |  
Climate Policies and Nationally Determined Contributions: Reconciling the Needed Ambition with the Political Economy.

Countries have pledged to stabilize global warming at a 1.5 to 2°C increase. Either target requires reaching net zero emissions before the end of the century, which implies a major transformation of the economic system. This paper reviews the literature on how policymakers can design climate policies and their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) to reach zero-net emissions before the end of the century in a socially and politically-acceptable manner.

Category:  Distribution, Competitiveness & Political Economy

WBG, PMR   |  
Carbon Tax Guide: A Handbook for Policy Makers (2017)

This Guide has a dual purpose: (i) to provide policy makers and other policy leaders and influencers with a practical tool to help them determine whether a carbon tax is the right instrument to achieve their policy aims; and (ii) to support them in designing and implementing the carbon tax best suited to their specific needs, circumstances, and objectives.

Category:  Fiscal Instruments for Climate Policy, Distribution, Competitiveness & Political Economy, Macroeconomics of Climate Change

CPLC   |  
What is the Impact of Carbon Pricing on Competitiveness? CPLC Executive Briefing.

Pricing carbon is one of the most powerful and efficient strategies that governments and businesses are using to respond to climate change. The principle is simple: put a price on carbon pollution to account for the impacts of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions that stem from the economic choices made by both producers and consumers.

Category:  Distribution, Competitiveness & Political Economy

WBG   |  
Emissions Trading in Practice: A Handbook on Design and Implementation.

As the world moves on from the climate agreement negotiated in Paris, attention is turning from the identification of emissions reduction trajectories—in the form of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)—to crucial questions about how these emissions reductions are to be delivered and reported within the future international accounting framework.

Category:  Fiscal Instruments for Climate Policy, Distribution, Competitiveness & Political Economy

UNEP   |  
Fiscal Policy Scoping Study: Kenya

This working paper provides an overview of the current status of green fiscal policy (GFP) in Kenya, key challenges and opportunities for further green fiscal policy reforms. The paper also reviews government revenues and expenditures and analyses the potential for GFP in selected key sectors of the economy, including forestry, energy, mining and oil, water fisheries and wildlife.



Category:  Fiscal Instruments for Climate Policy, Distribution, Competitiveness & Political Economy
WBG, OECD   |  
The FASTER Principles for Successful Carbon Pricing: An Approach Based on Initial Experience.

The case for climate action has never been stronger. Current weather extremes, including storms, floods and drought, affect millions of people across the world. Climate change is putting water security at risk; threatening agricultural and other supply chains as well as many coastal cities. The likelihood of severe pervasive and irreversible impacts will grow without action to limit and reverse the growth of GHG emissions globally.

Category:  Fiscal Instruments for Climate Policy, Distribution, Competitiveness & Political Economy

Ecofys, WBG   |  
State and Trends of Carbon Pricing 2015.

The report is a one stop shop for learning about key developments and prospects of existing and emerging carbon initiatives. A challenging international carbon market has not stopped the development of domestic carbon pricing initiatives. Today, about 40 national and over 20 sub-national jurisdictions responsible for almost one fourth of global greenhouse gas emissions are putting a price on carbon.

Category:  Distribution, Competitiveness & Political Economy

UNEP   |  
Fiscal Reforms in the Extractives Sector for Green Finance (UNEP)

A key challenge facing many resource-rich countries is how to mobilize and effectively use volatile revenues from resource extraction, while addressing social and environmental externalities of mining activities. This UNEP Policy Brief examines how fiscal reforms and other complementary measures in the extractives sector can help generate additional public revenues while reducing some of the negative environmental and social impacts from mining activities.

Category:  Fiscal Instruments for Climate Policy, Distribution, Competitiveness & Political Economy

WBG, OECD   |  
The FASTER Principles for Successful Carbon Pricing (2015)

The “FASTER” principles presented in this report lay out an approach that focuses on the emerging design features for successful and cost-effective carbon pricing policies drawn from initial and growing experience around the world.

Category:  Fiscal Instruments for Climate Policy, Distribution, Competitiveness & Political Economy

WBG, PMR   |  
Carbon Leakage Theory, Evidence and Policy Design

The World Bank’s Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) brings together developed and developing countries to build readiness for carbon market instruments to support cost-effective greenhouse gas emissions reductions. As part of the PMR’s Technical Work Program, the World Bank asked Vivid Economics to develop a technical note on the issue of carbon leakage and competitiveness. This issue is of interest to a range of PMR countries and is of great importance to successful design and implementation of carbon pricing policies.

Category:  Fiscal Instruments for Climate Policy, Distribution, Competitiveness & Political Economy, Macroeconomics of Climate Change