103 results found
WBG   |  
Emissions Trading in Practice: A Handbook on Design and Implementation.

As the world moves on from the climate agreement negotiated in Paris, attention is turning from the identification of emissions reduction trajectories—in the form of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)—to crucial questions about how these emissions reductions are to be delivered and reported within the future international accounting framework.

Category:  Fiscal Instruments for Climate Policy, Distribution, Competitiveness & Political Economy

UNEP   |  
Fiscal Policy Scoping Study: Kenya

This working paper provides an overview of the current status of green fiscal policy (GFP) in Kenya, key challenges and opportunities for further green fiscal policy reforms. The paper also reviews government revenues and expenditures and analyses the potential for GFP in selected key sectors of the economy, including forestry, energy, mining and oil, water fisheries and wildlife.

Category:  Fiscal Instruments for Climate Policy, Distribution, Competitiveness & Political Economy
GIZ, IISD   |  
Fiscal Instruments in INDCs: How countries are looking to fiscal policies to support INDC implementation?

International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) and the German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ) (on behalf of the German Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development) have undertaken a rapid review of INDCs to highlight the countries that are using these tools as part of their INDCs, catalogue the different tools that countries are referencing in their INDCs, identify the frequency of their use and identify trends in how countries are planning to use fiscal instruments to support achievement of INDCs.

Category:  Macroeconomics of Climate Change
WBG, OECD   |  
The FASTER Principles for Successful Carbon Pricing: An Approach Based on Initial Experience.

The case for climate action has never been stronger. Current weather extremes, including storms, floods and drought, affect millions of people across the world. Climate change is putting water security at risk; threatening agricultural and other supply chains as well as many coastal cities. The likelihood of severe pervasive and irreversible impacts will grow without action to limit and reverse the growth of GHG emissions globally.

Category:  Fiscal Instruments for Climate Policy, Distribution, Competitiveness & Political Economy

Ecofys, WBG   |  
State and Trends of Carbon Pricing 2015.

The report is a one stop shop for learning about key developments and prospects of existing and emerging carbon initiatives. A challenging international carbon market has not stopped the development of domestic carbon pricing initiatives. Today, about 40 national and over 20 sub-national jurisdictions responsible for almost one fourth of global greenhouse gas emissions are putting a price on carbon.

Category:  Distribution, Competitiveness & Political Economy

UNEP   |  
Fiscal Reforms in the Extractives Sector for Green Finance (UNEP)

A key challenge facing many resource-rich countries is how to mobilize and effectively use volatile revenues from resource extraction, while addressing social and environmental externalities of mining activities. This UNEP Policy Brief examines how fiscal reforms and other complementary measures in the extractives sector can help generate additional public revenues while reducing some of the negative environmental and social impacts from mining activities.

Category:  Fiscal Instruments for Climate Policy, Distribution, Competitiveness & Political Economy

WBG, GFDRR   |  
The Indirect Cost of Natural Disasters and an Economic Definition of Macroeconomic Resilience (2015)

The paper proposes a rule of thumb to estimate macroeconomic resilience, based on the interest rate (a higher interest rate decreases resilience and increases welfare losses), the reconstruction duration (a longer reconstruction duration increases welfare losses), and a “ripple-effect” factor that increases or decreases immediate losses (negative if enough idle resources are available to cope; positive if cross-sector and supply-chain issues impair the production of non-affected capital).

Category:  Macroeconomics of Climate Change, Climate Change Fiscal Risk Assessments and Management

WBG, OECD   |  
The FASTER Principles for Successful Carbon Pricing (2015)

The “FASTER” principles presented in this report lay out an approach that focuses on the emerging design features for successful and cost-effective carbon pricing policies drawn from initial and growing experience around the world.

Category:  Fiscal Instruments for Climate Policy, Distribution, Competitiveness & Political Economy

WBG   |  
Financing Vietnam’s Response to Climate Change: Building a Sustainable Future

The Government of Vietnam (GoV) has conducted a Climate Public Expenditure and Investment Review (CPEIR) with the support of the World Bank and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). The review examined Vietnam’s policies and climate change expenditure for the period 2010–2013 from five ministries (MONRE, MOIT, MARD, MOC, and MOT) and three provinces (Bac Ninh, Quang Nam and An Giang).

Category:  Public Financial Management
WBG, PMR   |  
Carbon Leakage Theory, Evidence and Policy Design

The World Bank’s Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) brings together developed and developing countries to build readiness for carbon market instruments to support cost-effective greenhouse gas emissions reductions. As part of the PMR’s Technical Work Program, the World Bank asked Vivid Economics to develop a technical note on the issue of carbon leakage and competitiveness. This issue is of interest to a range of PMR countries and is of great importance to successful design and implementation of carbon pricing policies.

Category:  Fiscal Instruments for Climate Policy, Distribution, Competitiveness & Political Economy, Macroeconomics of Climate Change